Reconstruction of Climate Stabilizing Local And Regional Ecosystems
The twentieth century highlighted a problem between the increasing knowledge of the causes and consequences of climate change and the growing concern that climate change is an intractable problem. Then the understanding of climate change as a global process came, and the first approach to its solution was proposed. The Framework Convention on Climate Change (1992) from the United Nations consisted of international cooperation based on multilateral environmental agreements. However, other international agreements apart from the Kyoto Protocol have shown their ineffectiveness in reducing emissions' policy. There has been no legally binding global climate agreement since the end of the Kyoto Protocol in 2012.

Alternative narratives promoted by enthusiastic scientists have emerged. Mainly the idea is about climate-forming ecosystems' recreating. In the Nature Geoscience journal the release of methane from melting permafrost is called the methane bomb of the Arctic. It can affect the globe. In this connection, the Pleistocene Park in Yakutia is the unique project. It appears to be an experiment to save the world. The idea of the community of scientists is to restore the ecosystem of the "mammoth steppe" in the modern Arctic. The large animals (musk oxen, bison) trample down the snow and prevent the melting of permafrost, trap methane in it. The grass absorbs CO2 from the atmosphere and accumulates in the soil. The long roots of grasses retain it. Such experiments can be scaled up to other Arctic countries.
The Pleistocene Park
Universal Problem
Melting permafrost leads to a warming climate. Climate change releases methane and potentially dangerous frozen microbes.

Biodiversity is reduced in consequence of oil production in the tundra.
Pasture ecosystems in the Arctic have a cooling effect on the climate. Replacing low-productivity ecosystems to high-productivity pastures can build a high bio-cycle rate and high density and diversity of fauna.
Target Image
Favorable climatic conditions and fertile fields will be created due to the restoration of the tundra as a "mammoth steppe". The permafrost melting has been stopped or slowed down.
Experiment Framework
12 Yakut horses were brought near the North-Eastern Scientific Station in the floodplain of the Kolyma River in 1988r. The Pleistocene Park Project (160 km2) in its current form was founded in 1996 based on native species. Animals began to be imported from other regions after 2010. During the experiment, grasses began to dominate, which indicates the beginning of "steppe formation". The positive dynamics of the carbon content in the soil and the rate of the biological cycle are noted. It is planned to fence off the territory and then bring in predators to control the number of herbivorous species.
Tools and Technologies
  • Creation of the "mammoth steppe" area type.
  • Reintroduction of animals from regions of Russia and other countries.
  • Monitoring of ecosystem changes: carbon content in the soil, bio-cycle rate, composition of herbaceous cover, dynamics of animal populations.
  • International cooperation in conducting research and financing in the reserve.
Scaling Plans
  • Natural reproduction of cereals in the reserve.
  • Delivery of bison and musk oxen for eating grass, fertilizing the soil and compacting permafrost areas.
  • The introduction of predators for population regulation.
  • Breeding "hairy elephants" or mammoths for living in cold conditions.
  • Consulting and creating similar projects in other regions.
Standards and Values
  • The steppe is a place for wild animals.
  • Economy of living systems, when the ecosystem is self-sustaining.
  • Ability to extract biomass of "steppes" without damaging the ecosystem.
  • Fertile soil and favorable climate must be passed on to the next generations.
Communities and Leaders
  • Sergey Zimov is a founder and researcher of the Pleistocene Park project.
  • Nikita Zimov is a Head of the North-Eastern Scientific Station and the Pleistocene Park.
  • Wildlife community.
What you can do to join the practice of climate stabilisation now:
Learn the concept of planetary boundaries and research the Planetary boundaries materials.
Learn about the Pleistocene Park.
Study the challenges of climate change in your region and prototype a regenerative ecosystem locally.
Made on