City farming is a new direction in agriculture. With this approach products are grown in the city without delivery to the city from agroholdings. It provides the independence of the crop from climatic and economic conditions, and savings on logistics' and resources' costs. Reducing costs allows suppliers to reduce the cost of products. And of course people get the opportunity to eat fresh vegetables and salad.
The concept of city farming originated in 2012 in Singapore, where firstly there was used vertical landscaping for creating a farm on the roof of a skyscraper. Today, this approach has been adopted by many countries with a high population density. In old factories or warehouses city farmers grow greens, cherry tomatoes, strawberries, radishes. Cultivated plants must be small and do not grow high up, because they are placed on shelves limited in height. About 40% of the total volume of products grown in this way is microgreens. These products can be produced nearby with the consumer and delivered to in 2-3 hours.
There are different opportunities to practice city farming. One solution is vertical farms, where the production of plants is organized without soil. Such systems have already existed in many areas: vertical garden beds are located in basements or on the roofs of buildings. Another option is bioponics, which uses organic fertilizers; and aquaponics, when constructing a closed system with fish and plant growing together, that combines aquaculture and hydroponics.